The health indicators of the most socio-economic backward states, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Odisha have reached to the greater heights in terms of health and wellness. These states are Empowered Action group states with an extensive improvement in the health indicators.

All these EAG states have seen a hike in the institutional births as per the National Family Health Survey-4. The institutional deliveries play an important role in the health improvements of the state as it helps in giving relief to infant and maternal mortality rates. It also assures of an improved health bars of women and children in the long term. There has been a considerable drop in the infant mortality rate in the form of 20 percent in Rajasthan, Odisha and Jharkhand.

A prominent health minister official mentioned, “As a step towards ensuring equitable health services across regions that suffer from disparities, special efforts were made to allocate more resources in backward states and regions”. In the year 2015, the health ministry recognised 184 districts with low bar performances. In these districts, added resources were introduced and launched to make substantial benefits in the outcomes.

As per the survey of the health ministry during the week start, the state manifested the total fertility in past 10 years.

Infant mortality rate indicates, death within the one year of birth per 1,000 live births. Amidst the 5 states, these have highest infant mortality rate:

  • Chhattisgarh
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Jharkhand
  • Bihar

These states also have under-five mortality rates which means risk of death by the age of five, per 1,000 live births. Vis-a-vis sex ratio, Bihar appears on top rank out of the five states. On contrary, it appeared as worst in the terms of female literacy rate. It added one more factor which is financial stability of women which is not in very good condition.


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